Routine Eye Exam/Contact Lens Exams

REGULAR EYE EXAMINATIONS ARE IMPORTANT IN MAINTAINING EYE HEALTH

During a comprehensive eye examination, eye diseases or other abnormalities that are not yet causing symptoms can be detected. Early intervention is crucial in preventing vision loss from a disease such as glaucoma, which may not cause symptoms until significant and irreversible damage has taken place. Early detection of eye problems gives a patient a choice of treatment options and reduces the risk of permanent damage.

BENEFITS OF A COMPREHENSIVE EYE EXAMINATION

A comprehensive eye exam should be performed once every year. Children should have regular tests to ensure that their vision is normal so that their schoolwork does not suffer. Older adults are at higher risk for eye conditions such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, and cataracts. During a comprehensive eye examination, simple refractive errors are detected, and serious eye problems or diseases, including the following, are diagnosed:

  • Amblyopia (lazy eye)
  • Strabismus
  • Eye-tracking difficulty
  • Glaucoma
  • Diabetic retinopathy

Even in younger, healthy adults who are asymptomatic, a regular eye examination is essential. Serious medical conditions, such as high cholesterol, diabetes, and high blood pressure, can be detected, allowing patients to seek treatment early.

THE COMPREHENSIVE EYE EXAMINATION PROCEDURE

A comprehensive eye examination differs from a vision screening. The latter only tests visual acuity and is commonly performed by a school nurse, optician, pediatrician or other healthcare providers.

In order to evaluate the eyes thoroughly and detect any problems, the following tests are performed:

  • Visual acuity
  • Visual field
  • Retinal examination under pupil dilation
  • Slit-lamp
  • Tonometry (tests intraocular pressure (IOP))
  • Keratometry (measures the curvature of the cornea)
  • Refraction

Tonometry checks for the presence of glaucoma, and keratometry for astigmatism. All of the above tests are safe for all patients.

POSSIBLE TREATMENTS

Based on the diagnostic findings of the examination, eyeglasses or contact lenses, medication for infection or inflammation, vision therapy, and vitamins or other supplements may be recommended. In some cases, eye surgery may be necessary.

COMMON REFRACTIVE ERRORS

The most common eye conditions diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam involve refractive errors that cause blurry vision. These conditions affect millions of people in the United States and often get progressively worse as patients age. Refractive errors are easily treated.

Myopia

Also known as nearsightedness or shortsightedness, myopia is a condition of the eyes in which nearby objects are clear, and distant objects are blurry. Almost a third of people in the United States have some degree of nearsightedness.

Hyperopia

Also known as farsightedness, hyperopia is a condition of the eyes in which the focus on distant objects is better than the focus on objects closer to the eye, making nearby objects appear blurry. The eye is designed to focus images directly on the surface of the retina; with hyperopia, light rays focus behind the surface of the retina, producing a blurry image.

Astigmatism

Astigmatism occurs when the curvature of the eye is irregular. There are two types of astigmatism: corneal, in which the shape of the cornea (the clear covering of the eye) is irregular, and lenticular, in which the lens is imperfectly shaped. Corneal astigmatism is more common. Astigmatism can result in blurred vision at any distance.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia, meaning “old eye,” is a condition in which the eyes lose their ability to focus on close objects. It is considered a normal part of the aging process. Symptoms typically begin when patients are between 40 and 45 years old.

All of these vision conditions can be effectively treated with either eyeglasses or contact lenses. Corrective lenses may need to be used only during certain activities, such as reading, watching television or driving, or maybe needed at all times. Comprehensive eye examinations are essential in checking for vision problems, eye diseases, refractive errors, and overall health. How frequently the eyes should be examined is based on the patient’s age and specific circumstances.

TYPES OF CONTACT LENSES

There are several varieties of contact lenses. The distinctive features of each offer a wide range of options.

  • Soft Contact Lenses
  • Daily-Wear Lenses
  • Extended-Wear Lenses
  • Disposable-Wear Lenses
  • Gas-Permeable Lenses

Wearing contact lenses is easy and comfortable for most individuals, provided that they follow their doctor’s instructions and care for their lenses. To keep the eyes healthy as a regular contact lens wearer, follow a few basic rules.

  • Attend follow-up appointments on a regular basis
  • Take contact lenses out each night at least one hour before going to sleep unless meant for extended use
  • Do not exceed the recommended time period for wearing contact lenses even if they are not causing any discomfort

Do not wear contact lenses when eyes are painful, red or irritated. Remove the lenses, then clean and store them until the eyes are no longer experiencing these symptoms. If any uncomfortable symptoms return upon renewed use of the contact lenses, make an appointment for an office visit.

Titusville Location

1832 Garden Street
Titusville, FL 32796

Monday-Wednesday: 8am to 4pm
Thursday-Friday: 8am to 3pm
Saturday-Sunday: CLOSED

Phone
Fax

(321) 267-0002

Viera Location (NEW)

2328 Medico Lane
Viera, FL 32940

Mon, Tues, Thur, Fri: CLOSED
Wednesday: 8am to 3pm
Saturday-Sunday: CLOSED

Phone
Fax

(321) 267-0002

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To Our Patients & Associates - Regarding COVID-19.